TNM-Supplement PDF

Jump to navigation Jump to search This article is about the community in Canada’s far north. For the island community on the west tNM-Supplement PDF of British Columbia, see Alert Bay.


Författare: Christian Wittekind.
Wie schon in den vorherigen Supplements ist die 4. Auflage unverzichtbar zur korrekten und einheitlichen Verwendung der Klassifikation von malignen Tumoren. Erstmals wird hier dem Prognostic Factors Project ein Kapitel gewidmet. Unverzichtbar für alle Onkologen und Pathologen.

Shortly after the end of World War II, Charles J. Hubbard of the United States Weather Bureau began to rouse interest in the United States and Canada for the establishment of a network of Arctic stations. On the Canadian side, the stations were to be operated by the Department of Transport. On July 30, 1950, nine crew members of a Royal Canadian Air Force Lancaster died in a crash while making an airdrop of supplies to the station.

The last American personnel were withdrawn on October 31, 1970, and the following year operation of the weather station was transferred to the newly created Department of the Environment, with the Department of Transport retaining control of airfield operations for several more years. Alert in an attempt to reach the North Pole. Alert had been the embarkation point for many North Pole expeditions that relied on weather information supplied by the weather station there. The remaining buildings which comprised the original weather station, having fallen into a state of disrepair, were burned in the summer of 1996, leaving only the hydrogen shed and a wooden outhouse. The weather station and observatory offices were moved to Polaris Hall.

The observatory as it appeared in June 2016. In 1975, technicians employed by the weather station began collecting flask samples for a greenhouse gas monitoring program. By 1984, the number of ongoing monitoring programs and the amount of experimental research had outgrown the abilities of the weather station to maintain, and plans were made for the construction of a permanent observatory. Since the beginning of the JAWS project, the Canadian military had been interested in the establishment at Alert for several reasons: the JAWS facility extended Canadian sovereignty over a large uninhabited area which Canada claimed as its sovereign territory, and furthermore, its proximity to the Soviet Union made it of strategic importance. Arctic with the construction of the Distant Early Warning Line radar network, established a building uphill from the DOT’s JAWS station to house „High Arctic Long Range Communications Research“, or signals intelligence operations. The following decade saw a dramatic expansion of the station with a correspondingly greater number of personnel stationed there. At its peak, CFS Alert had upwards of 215 personnel posted at any one time.

The first military women to serve in Alert arrived in 1980 as part of the Canadian Forces‘ Women In Non-Traditional Roles study. After its completion in 1983, women were fully authorized to serve in all roles. The first female commanding officer was Maj. Cathy Cowan, who took command in January 1996. MWO Renee Hansen, was appointed in December 2017.

1998 when most radio-intercept operations were remotely controlled by personnel at CFS Leitrim. With Canada’s commitment to the global war on terrorism following the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks in New York City and Washington, D. CFS Alert has received renewed and increased funding to expand its SIGINT capabilities. As of April 13, 2006 the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation was reporting that the heating costs for the station had risen, as a consequence of which the military proposed to cut back on support trade positions by using private contractors. In August 1975 Prime Minister Pierre Elliot Trudeau and his 3-year-old son Justin Trudeau visited the station and nearby Ward Hunt Island.

In August 2006 then-Prime Minister, Stephen Harper, made a visit to Alert as part of his campaign to promote Canadian sovereignty in the north. On November 8, 2009, the 2010 Winter Olympics torch relay arrived at Alert via airplane from Churchill, Manitoba, reaching its most northerly point on land. The next day it travelled to Iqaluit. On January 19 and 20, 2015, Governor General David Johnston flew into Alert on a C-17 Globemaster transport from CFB Trenton. Since Alert has not been regularly accessible by icebreakers due to heavy ice conditions in the Lincoln Sea, resupply is provided by Royal Canadian Air Force transport aircraft which land at the adjacent Alert Airport.