Spinal Instrumentation PDF

Spinal fusion, also called spondylodesis or spondylosyndesis, is a neurosurgical or orthopedic surgical spinal Instrumentation PDF that joins two or more vertebrae. Like any surgery, complications may include infection, blood loss, and nerve damage.

Författare: Daniel H. Kim.
Complete guide to contemporary forms of spinal instrumentation: written by foremost experts, covering all implant systems and their applications, with practical information on anatomy, insertion techniques, and complication avoidance for each system. Thousands of high-quality graphics.

Fusion also changes the normal motion of the spine and results in more stress on the vertebrae above and below the fused segments. As a result, long-term complications include degeneration at these adjacent spine segments. Herniated disc pressing on spinal nerves. Spinal fusion can be used to treat a variety of conditions affecting any level of the spine—lumbar, cervical and thoracic. In general, spinal fusion is performed to decompress and stabilize the spine. Other common causes include disc herniation, spinal stenosis, trauma, and spinal tumors. Lumbar and cervical spinal fusions are more commonly performed than thoracic fusions.

Degeneration happens more frequently at these levels due to increased motion and stress. 488,000 spinal fusions were performed during U. Average age for someone undergoing a spinal fusion was 54. 3 years for primary cervical fusions, 42.