Ran, N: Laos PDF

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Författare: Nick Ray.
Best-selling guidebook to Laos, a rapidly growing adventure destination; Incl. extensive coverage of emerging Luang Prabang (UNESCO World Heritage Listed City) and Vang Vieng (growing activity destination); New feature esssays on responsible travel

Laotian military base located in Xiangkhouang Province. At the height of its significance in the late 1960s, the „secret city“ of Long Tieng maintained a population of 40,000 inhabitants, making it the second largest city in Laos at the time, although it never appeared on maps throughout this period. In 1962 the CIA first set up a headquarters for Major General Vang Pao in the Long Tieng valley, which at that time had almost no inhabitants. By 1964 a 1260m-long runway had been completed and by 1966 Long Cheng was one of the largest US installations on foreign soil, becoming one of the busiest airports in the world. A RLAF T-28D at Long Tieng. On November 10, 1972 it ran into a C-123K on the runway. North Vietnamese forces began to threaten Long Tieng in late 1971, and came close enough to start shelling the area on December 31 at 15:30 local time.

In early January, 19,000 North Vietnamese forces launched a four pronged attack on Long Tieng from all four cardinal directions, encircling the site, capturing several facilities and positions, and installing antiaircraft batteries. Long Tieng was often described as „The Most Secret Place on Earth“. It was located in a valley at 3,100 feet elevation, high enough to have chilly nights and cold fogs. It was surrounded by mountains and on the northwest side of the runway were karst outcrops several hundred feet high. In the shadow of the Karst outcrops was „Sky“ the CIA headquarters in Long Tieng.

What a place is Long Tieng,“ said USAID officer Jim Schill. Tribal soldiers dressed in military garb standing next to traditionally dressed Hmong, with Thai mercenaries milling about. And the Americans here are mostly CIA operatives with goofy code names like Hog, Mr. The town itself is not much. During the Secret War, Long Tieng became the largest Hmong settlement in the world. On February 22, 1975, the final defensive outpost for Long Tieng was defeated, leading US Brigadier General Heinie Aderholt to begin planning an evacuation.

By May 1975, there were almost 50,000 guerillas and refugees living in and around the city. The evacuation ended with the departure of Major General Vang Pao and Jerry Daniels. Vang Pao told the people still on the tarmac „Farewell, my brothers, I can do nothing more for you, I would only be a torment for you,“ as he boarded a helicopter. The American pilots, all civilians, participating in the evacuation were Les Strouse, Allen Rich, Matt Hoff, Jack Knotts, and Dave Kouba. On 23 July 1970, a Douglas C-47B XW-TDC of Xiengkhouang Air was damaged beyond repair in a landing accident during inclement weather. In 1971 a US Air Force F-4D Phantom mistakenly hit Long Tieng with cluster bombs, causing a fire that destroyed the CIA operations shack. Long Tieng was incorporated into the restricted Xaisomboun Special Zone in 1994.

This zone was dissolved on 13 January 2006, and it is now part of Xiangkhouang Province. The base is still maintained by the Laotian military. The area’s history was documented in the 2008 film The Most Secret Place on Earth. A charter school in Saint Paul, Minnesota, home to many Hmong immigrants, was named Long Tieng Academy. Laos: Deeper Into the Other War“. Lost Crusader: The Secret Wars of CIA Director William Colby. The University of Texas at Dallas.

Military Aspects of the Vietnam Conflict: Military Strategy and Escalation. Thompson, Larry Clinton, Refugee Workers in the Indochina Exodus, 1975-1982. The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down. The Road to Long Cheng: Inside the CIA’s Secret City“. Archived from the original on 2009-08-08. 125,000 people were employed of whom 47,000 were scientific researchers. Academicians and corresponding members must be citizens of the Russian Federation when elected.