Ports PDF

Location of the Cinque Ports and their limbs. It was originally formed for military and trade purposes, but is now entirely ceremonial. However, Rye, originally a subsidiary of New Ports PDF, changed to become one of the Cinque Ports once New Romney was damaged by storms and silted up. Other towns also contribute to the confederation, including two ‚ancient towns‘, and seven ‚limbs‘.

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The five ports are supported by the two so-called Ancient Towns of Rye and Winchelsea, whose councils traditionally maintained defence contingents for the realm of England. Apart from the five ports and the two Ancient Towns, there are seven other members of the Confederation, which are considered to be Limbs of the other towns. There are in addition some 23 towns, villages and offices which have varying degrees of connection to the ancient Liberties of the Cinque Ports. The coastal confederation during its mediaeval period consisted of a confederation of 42 towns and villages in all.

The origins of the Cinque Ports can be traced back to Anglo-Saxon times, when certain south-east ports were granted the local profits of justice in return for providing ships. The leeway given to the Cinque Ports, and the turning of a blind eye to misbehaviour, led to smuggling, though common everywhere at this time becoming more or less one of the dominant industries. A significant factor in the need to maintain the authority of the Cinque Ports by the King was the development of the Royal Navy. SIGILLUM COMMUNE BARONUM DE HASTINGUIS, common seal of the barons of Hastings. As time went by and some ports declined or silted up, others were added. Rye and Winchelsea were attached to Hastings as „Ancient Towns“ in the 12th century, and later became members in their own right.

The continuing decline of the confederation of the Cinque Ports may be ascribed to a variety of different circumstances. Although by the 14th century the confederation faced wider challenges from a greater consolidation of national identity in the monarchy and Parliament, the legacy of the Saxon authority remained. Even after the 15th century, the Ancient Towns continued to serve with the supply of transport ships. Much of Hastings was washed away by the sea in the 13th century.

During a naval campaign of 1339, and again in 1377, the town was raided and burnt by the French, and went into a decline during which it ceased to be a major port. It had no natural sheltered harbour. Attempts were made to build a stone harbour during the reign of Elizabeth I, but the foundations were destroyed by the sea in storms. New Romney is now about a mile and a half from the seafront. It was originally a harbour town at the mouth of the River Rother.

The Rother estuary was always difficult to navigate, with many shallow channels and sandbanks. Hythe is still on the coast. However, although it is beside a broad bay, its natural harbour has been removed by centuries of silting. Dover is still a major port.

Ongoing changes in the coastline along the south east coast, from the Thames estuary to Hastings and the Isle of Wight inevitably reduced the significance of a number of the Cinque port towns as port authorities. By the reign of Queen Elizabeth I, the Cinque Ports had effectively ceased to be of any real significance, and were absorbed into the general administration of the Realm. Queen Elizabeth I sanctioned the first national lottery that was held in 1569 in an effort to raise funds for the crumbling Cinque Ports. Confederation of the Cinque Ports, when New Romney and Winchelsea were disenfranchised from the Parliament, with representation provided through their Counties alone, while Hythe and Rye’s representation was halved. In 1985, HMS Illustrious established an affiliation with the Cinque Ports. In 2005, the affiliation was changed to HMS Kent.