Jump to navigation Jump to search This article is about the socio-cultural aspects and history of amphetamine and methamphetamine. During World War II, amphetamine and methamphetamine max Crumbly, Band 02 PDF used extensively by Allied and Axis forces for their stimulant and performance-enhancing effects. Due to the large underground market for these drugs, they are often illegally synthesized by clandestine chemists, trafficked, and sold on the black market.
Författare: Rachel Renée Russell.
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Pervitin, a methamphetamine brand used by German soldiers during World War II, was dispensed in these tablet containers. Obetrol, a pharmaceutical mixture of amphetamine and methamphetamine salts, was medically indicated and marketed for treating obesity, as illustrated in this advertisement from 1970. Amphetamine was first synthesized in 1887 in Germany by Romanian chemist, Lazăr Edeleanu, who named the drug phenylisopropylamine. During World War II, amphetamine and methamphetamine were used extensively by both the Allied and Axis forces for their stimulant and performance-enhancing effects. Also in the 1950s, the Japanese Ministry of Health banned stimulant production, although drug companies continued to produce stimulants that wound up on the black market.
A notable part of the 1960s mod subculture in the UK was recreational amphetamine use, which was used to fuel all-night dances at clubs like Manchester’s Twisted Wheel. Newspaper reports described dancers emerging from clubs at 5 a. Benzedrine inhalers, and limited amphetamine to prescription use, but non-medical use remained common. M University claimed to have found amphetamine and methamphetamine in the foliage of two Acacia species native to Texas, A. Substituted amphetamine use has historically been especially common among Major League Baseball players and is usually known by the slang term „greenies“.
In 2006, the MLB banned the use of amphetamine. The ban is enforced through periodic drug-testing. Up to a quarter of college students use Adderall to help them focus on their studies instead of its intended purpose of helping people with ADHD. This use sometimes continues after the student graduates college due to its addictive properties. As of 2015, amphetamines, especially Adderall, were increasingly being used by young white-collar workers who work long hours at demanding work.
Many felt drug use was necessary to perform adequately. One of the earliest uses of amphetamine and methamphetamine was during World War II, when they were used by Axis and Allied forces. As early as 1919, Akira Ogata synthesized methamphetamine via reduction of ephedrine using red phosphorus and iodine. Later, the chemists Hauschild and Dobke from the German pharmaceutical company Temmler developed an easier method for converting ephedrine to methamphetamine. It was widely distributed across German military ranks and divisions, from elite forces to tank crews and aircraft personnel, with many millions of tablets being distributed throughout the war for its performance-enhancing stimulant effects and to induce extended wakefulness.