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Enter the characters you see below Sorry, we just need to make sure you’re not a robot. French tyre company Michelin for more than a century. The term normally refers to the annually published Michelin Red Guide, the oldest European hotel and restaurant reference guide, which awards up to three Michelin stars for excellence to a select few establishments. In 1900, there were fewer than 3,000 cars on the roads of France. To increase the demand for cars and, accordingly, car tyres, car tyre manufacturers and brothers Édouard and André Michelin published a guide for French motorists in 1900, the Michelin Guide.
Four years later, in 1904, the brothers published a guide to Belgium similar to the Michelin Guide. During World War I, publication of the guide was suspended. After the war, revised editions of the guide continued to be given away until 1920. It is said that André Michelin, visiting a tyre merchant, noticed copies of the guide being used to prop up a workbench. Following the usage of the Murray’s and Baedeker guides, the guide began to award stars for fine dining establishments in 1926.
Initially, there was only a single star awarded. In 1931 the cover of the guide was changed from blue to red, and has remained so in all subsequent editions. 1950 the French edition listed 38 establishments judged to meet this standard. The first Michelin Guide to Italy was published in 1956.
It awarded no stars in the first edition. In 1974, the first guide to Britain since 1931 was published. In 2005, Michelin published its first American guide, covering 500 restaurants in the five boroughs of New York City and 50 hotels in Manhattan. In 2007, a Tokyo Michelin Guide was launched. In the same year, the guide introduced a magazine, Étoile. In 2008, the German restaurateur Juliane Caspar was appointed editor-in-chief of the French edition of the guide. She had previously been responsible for the Michelin guides to Germany, Switzerland, and Austria.
She became the first woman and first non-French national to occupy the French position. Red Guides have historically listed many more restaurants than rival guides, relying on an extensive system of symbols to describe each one in as little as two lines. Reviews of starred restaurants also include two to three culinary specialities. 2003 to enhance descriptions of many establishments. Michelin has gone to extraordinary lengths to maintain the anonymity of its inspectors. Michelin has refused to allow its inspectors to speak to journalists. The French chef Paul Bocuse, one of the pioneers of nouvelle cuisine in the 1960s, said, „Michelin is the only guide that counts.
The Michelin Guide also awards Rising Stars, an indication that a restaurant has the potential to qualify for a star, or an additional star. Since 1955, the guide has also highlighted restaurants offering „exceptionally good food at moderate prices“, a feature now called „Bib Gourmand“. They must offer menu items priced below a maximum determined by local economic standards. In 2014, Michelin introduced a separate listing for gastropubs in Ireland. In 2016, the Michelin Guide for Hong Kong and Macau introduced an overview of notable street food establishments.
All listed restaurants, regardless of their star- or Bib Gourmand-status, also receive a „fork and spoon“ designation, as a subjective reflection of the overall comfort and quality of the restaurant. Restaurants, independently of their other ratings in the guide, can also receive a number of other symbols next to their listing. Coins indicate restaurants that serve a menu for a certain price or less, depending on the local monetary standard. Interesting view or Magnificent view, designated by a black or red symbol, are given to restaurants offering those features. Grapes, a sake set, or a cocktail glass indicate restaurants that offer, at minimum, a „somewhat interesting“ selection of wines, sake, or cocktails, respectively. The Michelin Green Guides review and rate attractions other than restaurants. There is a Green Guide for France as a whole, and a more detailed one for each of ten regions within France.
Other Green Guides cover many countries, regions, and cities outside France. Many Green Guides are published in several languages. They include background information and an alphabetical section describing points of interest. Rémy described the French Michelin inspector’s life as lonely, underpaid drudgery, driving around France for weeks on end, dining alone, under intense pressure to file detailed reports on strict deadlines. He maintained that the guide had become lax in its standards.