Look up know thyself in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. A memento mori mosaic from excavations in the convent of San Gregorio in Rome, featuring the Greek charmides PDF. The unexamined life is not worth living.
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In Latin the phrase, „know thyself,“ is given as nosce te ipsum or temet nosce. The maxim, or aphorism, „know thyself“ has had a variety of meanings attributed to it in literature. Antisthenes in his Successions of Philosophers attributes it to Phemonoe, a mythical Greek poet, though admitting that it was appropriated by Chilon. The actual authorship of the three maxims set up on the Delphian temple may be left uncertain.
Most likely they were popular proverbs, which tended later to be attributed to particular sages. The ancient Greek playwright Aeschylus uses the maxim „know thyself“ in his play Prometheus Bound. The play about a mythological sequence, thereby places the maxim within the context of Greek mythology. One of Socrates’s students, the historian Xenophon, described some of the instances of Socrates’s use of the Delphic maxim ‚Know Thyself‘ in his history titled: Memorabilia. In this writing, Xenophon portrayed his teacher’s use of the maxim as an organizing theme for Socrates’s lengthy dialogue with Euthydemus. Plato, another student of Socrates, employs the maxim ‚Know Thyself‘ extensively by having the character of Socrates use it to motivate his dialogues.