He had been his father’s Deputy Governor since 1661 when he arrived in the colony at the age of 24. However, Charles left Maryland for England in 1684 and would never baltimore Volume 6 PDF. Charles was born in England on August 27, 1637, and witnessed the religious conflicts of the English Civil War.
Författare: Peter Bergting.
The Maryland Toleration Act, passed in 1649. The Calvert family were Roman Catholics and had founded Maryland as colony where Catholics and Nonconformist Protestants as well as members of the established Church of England could live together in peace. In 1649, the General Assembly of Maryland, the decade-old colonial legisilature passed the Maryland Toleration Act, also known as the „Act Concerning Religion, a law mandating religious tolerance for trinitarian Christians“. Charles Calvert sailed to Maryland in 1661 as a young man of 24, becoming the first of the Barons Baltimore to take personal charge of the colony. He was appointed deputy governor by his father and, when Cecil Calvert died in 1675, Charles inherited Maryland, becoming governor in his own right.
Some time before 1666 He was married to Mary Darnall, daughter of Ralph Darnall, and the first of Calvert’s four wives. Calvert’s life as governor was aggravated by growing economic problems. From the 1660s onwards, the price of tobacco, the staple crop of Maryland and its chief source of export income, began a long slide, causing economic hardship especially among the poor. In 1666 neighbouring Virginia proposed a „stint“ on tobacco growing, a one-year moratorium that would lower supply and so drive up prices. Charles Calvert, 3rd Baron Baltimore, painted by John Closterman.
By the time Charles Calvert became governor, the population of the province had gradually become overwhelmingly Protestant due to immigration. Political power however tended to remain concentrated in the hands of the largely Roman Catholic elite. Much conflict between Calvert and his subjects turned on the question of how far English law should be applied in Maryland, and to what degree the proprietary government might exercise its own prerogative outside of the law. Delegates to the assembly wished to establish the „full force and power“ of the law but Calvert, ever protective of his prerogative, insisted that only he and his councillors might decide where and when English law should apply. Calvert acted in various ways to restrain the influence of the Protestant majority. One of Calvert’s earliest decisions, regarding the position of Africans imported into Maryland, would have long-term and baleful consequences. Although the first Africans had been brought to Maryland in 1642, when 13 slaves arrived at St.