A complete Nautical Pocket Dictionary PDF

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Författare: John Barten.

Möchte man sich auf einem Gebiet Wissen aneignen, sei es, weil es ein Studium oder der Beruf verlangt oder rein aus Interesse, findet man sich zunächst in einem Wald aus Fremwörtern wieder.
Das vorliegende Werk aus dem Jahre 1911 will diesem Problem auf dem Gebiet der Schifffahrt Klarheit entgegen setzen. Der Autor John Barten hat alle nautischen Fachbegriffe zusammengefasst, sodass es jedem Interessierten hilft, diese Wissenschaft zu verstehen. Hierbei handelt es sich um ein zweisprachiges Wörterbuch.

The carrick bend is a knot used for joining two lines. It is particularly appropriate for very heavy rope or cable that is too large and stiff to be easily formed into other common bends. The knot features prominently as a motif in the hard science fiction novel Picoverse by Robert A. In heraldry, this known as the „Wake knot“ or „Ormonde knot“, due to being used as a heraldic badge of various families.

This knot’s name dates back to at least 1783, when it was included in a nautical bilingual dictionary authored by Daniel Lescallier. The eight crossings within the carrick bend allow for many similar-looking knots to be made. The lines in a „full“ or „true“ carrick bend alternate between over and under at every crossing. There are also two ways the ends can emerge from the knot: diagonally opposed or from the same side. The latter form is also called the double coin knot. The form with the ends emerging diagonally opposed is considered more secure.

Unfortunately, with so many permutations, the carrick bend is prone to being tied incorrectly. The carrick bend, also called full carrick bend, sailor’s knot, and anchor bend, is perhaps the nearest thing we have to a perfect bend. It is symmetrical, it is easy to tie, it does not slip easily in wet material, it is among the strongest of knots, it cannot jam and is readily untied. To offset this array of excellencies is the sole objection that it is somewhat bulky. Complete capsizing requires a loose weave.

The carrick bend is generally tied in a flat interwoven form as shown above. Without additional measures it will collapse into a different shape when tightened, a process known as capsizing, with the degree of capsizing depending on the looseness of the weave. This capsized form is both secure and stable once tightened, although it is bulkier than the seized form below. The seizings preserve the initial shape of the knot.

In the interest of making the carrick bend easier to untie, especially when tied in extremely large rope, the ends may be seized to prevent the knot from collapsing when load is applied. This practice also keeps the knot’s profile flatter and can ease its passage over capstans or winches. The ends are traditionally seized to their standing part using a round seizing. For expediency, a series of double constrictor knots, drawn very tight, may also be used.

In the decorative variation, both standing ends enter from one side and both working ends exit from the other. The knot can be tied using doubled lines for an even flatter, more elaborate appearance. When the ends of the carrick bend are connected together, or more practically hidden behind the knot, it becomes a carrick mat. This same configuration is also one of the most basic Turk’s head knots. The fully interwoven diagonal carrick bend is the most secure variation.

All other forms are inferior and not recommended as bends. Vocabulaire des Termes de Marine: Anglois et François, London: P. The Ashley Book of Knots, p. Cyrus Lawrence Day, The Art of Knotting and Splicing, 4th ed. US Bureau of Construction and Repair, Navy Department. How to tie the carrick bend“.

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